One of the most urgent problems in modern livestock production is theMastitisIn its various manifestations.
Today, much attention is paid to this problem, but despite this, the level of losses in milk yields and milk quality in many farms is very high, which inevitably leads to economic losses and premature culling out of cows.
What is mastitis cattle?
Mastitis is a disease of the breast, accompanied by an inflammatory process.
The disease can be caused by such basic factors:
- Incorrect milking technology;
- Lack of sanitation;
- Abnormal structure of the udder;
- Udder trauma;
- High productivity;
- Unbalanced diet;
- Incorrect start;
- Other diseases (eg, endometritis), etc.
The main causative agents of mastitis in cattle, as practice shows, are:
- стрептококки (Streptococus agalactiae, S.uberis, S.disgalactia);
- стафилококки (Staphyloccocus aureus);
- E.coli pathogens .;
- Other pathogens, but as a rule much less frequently than strepto- and staphylococci.
Transmission factors are:
- Sick cows;
- Hands of milkmaids;
- Dirty litter;
- Wounds of nipples;
- Inventory, etc.
Clinical bovine mastitis
TOClinical formInclude those mastitis that can be diagnosed without using special reagents (mastidin, cenotest) or laboratory tests.
Clinical form of mastitis КРС
According to clinical manifestations, the following types of mastitis are distinguished:
- There are mixed types of mastitis.
Subclinical mastitis cattle.
WhenSubclinical formThere are no external changes either in milk or udder, and it can only be diagnosed by counting somatic cells in milk (laboratory tests) or special mastitis tests.
Тестер на определение субклинической формы мастита
Тест на определение субклинической формы мастита
In time, identified mastitis is easier and cheaper to treat
Before beginning treatment of mastitis, it is necessary to send milk to the laboratory from sick animals that were previously untreated to determine sensitivity to antibiotics and bacteriological inoculation for determining pathogens in order to most effectively develop a treatment regimen and to select the drugs.
Treatment of mastitis in cattle in conditions of loose clothing
If the treatment takes place in the milking parlor, then a separate group of sick mastitis cows is created, which lasts least to prevent infection of healthy cows through the milking machine and to simplify the sorting of milk.
Клиническая форма мастита
On recovery (repeated testing by the venerable test) of cows that showed a negative result and after the expiration of the carerization they are disbanded according to the productive groups depending on the physiological state.
Those who have not been cured are left on a second course (they revise the treatment, physiological condition and make decisions on each cow if necessary).
Treatment of mastitis in cattle on a leash
On the tethered sick cows are labeled and milked in the last place or by a separate apparatus "on the tank".
Клиническая форма мастита
To effectively combat mastitis, you need:
- To investigate all milking livestock for hidden mastitis twice a month;
- Use pre-cups for early detection of clinical mastitis;
- To observe the technology and hygiene of milking:
- Milking time;
- Individual napkins;
- processing and preparation of the udder.
- Use preservatives for the udder;
- Regularly conduct maintenance of vacuum and milking equipment;
- Control mastitis in the maternity ward;
- Use a one-stage launch of cows (actual for milk above 4500 kg of milk per head).
When treating mastitis, it is necessary to take into account the severity of the disease, the course, the age of the cows, the days in lactation, the etiology of the disease, the physiological state of the cows group, and other factors.
Specific treatment of cattle mastitis
It is most effective to treat mastitis in a comprehensive approach to the problem from different angles. For example, combine intramamarine injections with injections and ointments. Very often in novice cows mastitis goes in combination with endometritis, then these diseases should be treated simultaneously.
Good results in the treatment gives a 3-fold administration of Mastiette Forte at 12-hour intervals to the affected quarter of the udder (other medications may also be effective at different farms: Multigect IMM, Laktobay, Sinuloks, Mamiforth, Gamaret, etc.) with simultaneous application of such ointments As Permamass, Lekoceptal, Dibutalastin, Chlorosept, Emulsion "DE", etc.
A similar therapeutic effect has a 1-2 fold IM application of preparations based on Ketoprofen (Ailil, Kefen) at a dose of 3 ml per 100 kg.
With wounds, injuries, purulent mastitis ointments should not be used. Also, not with all types of mastitis, you can apply massage and some ointments of irritating action. Injectable antibiotics are used according to the sensitivity and at the discretion of the veterinarian.
Also excellent results (with minimal costs) in the treatment of acute forms of mastitis giveblockade on Logvinova(150-200 ml of 0.25-0.5% solution of Novocaine) with repetition after 48 hours. If the blockade solution is prepared on its own, then an antibiotic should be added for sterility, for example, 2-3ml of Gentamicin or Penicillin - 500-600 thousand units.
Running mastitic cows
It should be remembered that a cow sick with mastitisIn no case shall be transferred to a group of deadwood,As this will entailGuaranteedProblems after calving as with the costs of treatment, a reduction in natural productivity, and with newborn calves, which, when milking the mastitis colostrum, produce pathogenic strains that cause intestinal and pulmonary diseases, which leads to the death of the offspring.
If these measures are observed, we can expect an improvement in the quality and quantity of milk with somatic cells in prefabricated milk up to 250-300 thousand and bacteriological contamination up to 300 thousand cfu / ml, which corresponds to the highest grade milk.